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BBC World News

News/Business. International issues. (CC) (Stereo)

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Mumbai 7, U.s. 6, Rupert Murdoch 5, China 4, Rebecca Brooks 4, India 4, Pakistan 4, Euros 4, James Murdoch 3, Us 3, New York 3, Bbc World News 2, Afghanistan 2, The U.s.a. 2, Newman 2, Rupert 2, Ahmed Wali Karzai 2, John Mcgee 2, Brazil 2, Ireland 2,
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  PBS    BBC World News    News/Business.  
   International issues. (CC) (Stereo)  

    July 14, 2011
    5:00 - 5:30am EDT  

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> will he? won't he? rupert murdoch and his son deciding if they will face a parliamentary committee over the british phone hacking scandal. clouds over the italian economy as the senate bets on a 40 billion euro cut package and the markets give their verdict. hours after the death of the afghan president's half brother, four people are killed as they attend his memorial service. welcome to bbc world news. also coming up on the program. in mumbai, the death toll rises to 18. just who did carry out india's worst militant attack since
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2008? big dreams from a tiny island. one of the world's smallest countries hoping for olympic success. hello. it could be another landmark moment in the phone-hacking scandal. we should know very seen whether the media tycoon rupert murdoch has agreed to be questioned by members of british parliament. his son, james, and rebecca brooks have also been invited to appear before the hearing. we can go live to westminster. it feels like we're on the deadline hour for learning whether rupert murdoch is going to say yea or nay to appearing.
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i don't suppose many are expecting him to say oh, go on then. >> i don't think so. for one thing, the parliamentary committees do not have the same powers as congressional committees and certainly they cannot force foreign citizens like rupert and james murdoch to appear before them. there is even a question mark over whether they can really force rebecca brooks, who of course is a british citizen to appear. if anyone buzz does of the three, it is thought that perhaps she will be the most likely. the lawyers at news corp. may be advising against this because of course there is a police investigation going on at the moment and public pressure may not be the best thing for them to be under a at the moment. >> do we know clearly whether or not parliament has the power
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in any way to compel the likes of rupert or indeed james murdoch let alone, rebecca brooks, who is of course, a british citizen. >> i think it is very unlikely that they can find a way to compel rupert and james murdoch because of the reason that they are foreign citizens. for rebecca brooks, it would be very difficult politically to decline the invitation, but even then it is not entirely sure. there are not very many precedents here. most people do appear before select committees when they have been asked to. we just don't know whether it is possible for them to invoke an old rool that means she absolutely -- rule that means she absolutely has to appear or else be found in contempt of parliament. i think they are just hoping that at least one of the trillo accepts their invie -- trillo accept trio accepts the invitation.
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>> the man who chairs the culture, sports committee put out the invitation to the mush dotches to -- the murdoches to join them for discussion. >> the police think the investigation is the first thing that has to be completed. that may take a few more months and then the inquiry into what will happen. that will start. this is first opportunity. an immediate opportunity to actually get them to go on record and say what happened. >> there has been an attack on a mosque in afghanistan's southern city of kandahar. it appeared during the service of the brother of hamid karzai, ahmed wali karzai who was assassinated this week. >> i was if this mosque 30
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minutes before the explosion took place. the memorial service for ahmed wali karzai was taking place. government officials, people from across the country. security was extremely tight. i was talking to other people when the explosion took place. according to eyewitnesses who were inside the mosque, as soon as the attacker tried to get inside the mosque, he was stopped by security guards, he detonated his explosive vest killing a prominent religious leader and injuring 10 others. doctors at the main hospital have told me they have five dead bodies. the scene here is one of chaos and panic. all the key roads have been closed and in the last 30 minutes or so, there have been visible decreases in traffic. shops have been closed as well.
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>> some other stories for you. united nation's reports a 15% increase in civilian deaths across afghanistan since last year. the u.n. assistance mission said there were 1,462 civilian deaths in the first half of this year alone. most of those have been blamed on the taliban and road-side bombs but more people have been killed in nato air strikes. venezuelaan president hugo chavez acknowledged he will need more treatment for cancer. he said the threat of cells spreading remained latent. he may have to undergo chemotherapy. the legal team of the chinese artist has been told his company did not pay taxes for decades during a closed hearing in beijing. lawyers were trying challenge a $1.85 million american dollar
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tax bill. before the hearing, his wife said the proceedings were already biased. now italy's chance to restore some confidence in the markets has come in the course of today. in fact in the next few hours, the a vote on the tough austerity budget to pin back spending. the lower house will have a vote on friday. they will not be voting the proposal. the cuts are around 40 billion euros. some $57 billion dollars. >> this is the start of an important two days of the italian economy. today's senate vote on the austerity package for $40 billion euros.
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the four-year package will be approved friday. perhaps more pressing to investors in the austerity measures is the issue of itly's debt. italy owes around $1.6 trillion euros. making it the most indebted country in europe. that is more outstanding bonds than ireland, greece and portugal put together. as worries over the size of that debt mount, so did the effect of borrowing costs. they pushed the country's 10-year yields to their highest levels in years. they said their economy can withstand european stress tests. >> our banks are stable. they have not suffered any real damage from the financial crisis that has shaken large banks.
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we need to have faith in the capacity of our economy to grow. >> but the real threat is to euro-zone itself. italy needing a bailout could end the euro-zone altogether. >> cherries still look good in italy. >> they do, don't they? >> the bond purchase sale. we're waiting, any moment. >> brave move. on the day they are trying to pass $67 billion in austerity cuts. they have four different auctions. this is the first time they have returned to the market since the interest rate that italy has to pay on its 10-year debt. it is just over 6%. you know, again, one of those areas or thresholds where you go. it is going to be very interesting to see the demand
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from investors. how much they take up and what the demand from investors is on terms of what interest rate they will want italy to pay for them taking on italian debt. >> that's one thing. a big deal it is. u.s. debt is another order obviously in terms of numbers entirely. it is still the richest country in the world. >> it is the richest country in the world. come early august, the u.s. economy will run out of money. that is basically quite simply put. the congress cannot agree on raising that debt ceiling. i think it was the fourth day in a row where they still haven't come to an grem. the democrats want to increase -- an agreement. the democrats want to increase taxes, especially on the rich. the republicans are saying no, we don't want that. that will limit growth and investment. the republicans are saying we want you to have some big spending cuts, especially in social welfare.
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they still can't agree, but the clock is ticking. moody's, the credit rating agency has put the aaa credit rating on watch for a possible downgrade saying that the risk is rising that the u.s. will default. one doesn't want to think what would happen if the u.s. defaulted. that would be a shock to the financial system around the globe. we'll have more in about 20 minute's. >> thanks again. you're watching bbc. thanks for being with us. we're going to be live in mumbai for the latest on those bomb attacks. the irish government has published a new report into the concealment of child abuse by catholic priests. it says the church cared more about its own reputation than it did about the welfare of
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children. it also said only three years ago reports of abuse were still being kept from police. >> he was the pope's right hand man. father john mcgee was not just perm secretary to john paul ii. today the bishop stands accused of involvement in the irish catholic church's scandal. it was in his diocese that clerical child sex abuse took place but wasn't reported by the church to police and it happened as recently as three years ago at a time when the irish catholic church was telling the world there would never be another cover-up. after revelations in the early 1990's, new guidelines were introduced to ensure all allegations were then reported to the police. but the rules there were largely ignored.
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for those who complained to the church about being accused as children, the lack of action left them feeling hopeless. >> being contaminated by a horrible disease. i feel as if i have been touched by the devil and that is something that nobody will ever fix me, you know? >> after so many scandals in recent years, the catholic church in ireland is not only losings followers but a special place in irish society. john mcgee retired as bishop last year. he admitted he could have done more to help some victims of abuse and said he was sorry. >> the headlines here on bbc world news. the media tycoon rupert murdoch will decide if he will appear voluntarily before a parliamentary committee to answer questions over the british phone hacking scandal.
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the italian senate so is to vote on a stringent austerity budget debating cuts of 40 billion euros. we're going to bring you some more now on the phone hacking scandal. there are now increasing signs of contagion for news corp. a growing number of american politicians are calling for an inquiry into the allegations that journalists employed by news corp. tried to access phone records of the victims of the september 11 attacks. >> rupert murdoch is a naturalized u.s. citizen. america is prized possession of his media empire. they are calling for a criminal investigation here. they said payments to british police officers may have breached american anti-corruption laws. >> the law for an american corporation, which news corp.
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is, is prohibited from using for any reason. and it is suggested that it has been used and is a consequence we want those who enforce the law to get after this, investigate it and tell us what really happened. >> they also want to know whether americans were targeted by phone hacking reporters. it follows a claim by a rival newspaper that the news of the world offered money to a new york police officer in return for the phone records of people who died on 9/11. the officer reportedly said no. one new york congressman has called on the f.b.i. to investigate. in a letter, peter king i writes the 9/11 families have suffered egregiously but unfortunately they remain vulnerable against such unjustifyable parasitic strains. the stakes couldn't be higher for his corporation. his assets include "the wall
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street journal" fox news" and 20th century fox. he is trying to take control of bskyb. investors sense storm clouds gathering. >> officials here at the u.s. justice department said they are considering the request from congress for a full blown criminal investigation. little by little, the hacking scanned scandal is crossing the atlantic. >> no warnings and no intelligence that could have predicted an attack, that at least was the bleak assessment of india's home minister following the explosions in mumbai wednesday which left 18 people dead. the government seems to be very cautious not to apportion blame for the attacks too soon. our correspondent is in mumbai. she joins me now and a sense that still no one is going to be fingered at this point for the explosions.
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>> that's right. as we move into the second day, the day after the attacks, the investigators continue to scour for forensic evidence. i was at the scene of one of the blasts here in mumbai. one of the issues some of the investigators and forensic teams have today is torrential rain in the city. it is monsoon season here and there are unstoppable downpours which are making it very hard for police to gather evidence. as you say, we have been hearing from india's prime minister who said he believes the attacks were the work of terrorists. now he has spoken giving us a bit more information. one of the things he says is they didn't have any intelligence input for yesterday's blast to central or state agencies. this is unfortunate in terms of their investigation. he also as you said refuses to be drawn on my speculation
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about who might be behind the attacks. this is what he has to say. >> all the groups that have the depoost carry out such terror attacks are -- we are not pointing a finger at this stage at this group or that group. all angles will be investigated. all evidence will be examined and all leads will be followed without any predetermination. intelligence on a particular incident. intelligence is collected every day, every hour. but there was no intelligence regarding the i tack in mumbai. >> very careful language, isn't it, clearly? to what extent do you think that is to ensure that the
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gradually improving relations between pakistan and india are not given a dent from this attack? >> i think the indian government is being very cautious. i think they are not speculating and i think so it would be very early for me to speculate on why they decided to be very open-minded about this investigation. of course the 2008 attacks on mumbai, the indian government did accuse pakistan of having some involvement in this those attacks. the 2006 train bombings in the city happened in the rush hour, more than a dozen indian nationals arrested for that. it is very easy to -- there has been a lot of speculation and jumping to conclusions about the possibility of pakistan's involvement but the indian government is keeping an open mind. pakistan governments condemned the attacks shortly after they happened yesterday. indian opposition parties are
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pointing a finger in that direction but i think it is very early to draw any speculation about who might be behind this attack, particularly because they say they are still working on very limited intelligence. >> thank you very much indeed. the chinese writer wu has gone into exile in germany saying authorities in germany have forbidden him from publishing his work. he first came out with a poem against china's crackdown of democracy. -- on democracy. in the suburbs of berlin, the chinese dissident poet plays his flute and contemplates a future in exile. he was denied an exit visa 17 times so he slipped over the border to vietnam and then to poland and now germany where his account of life in china
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will be published. >> the chinese authority told me definitely that if this book came out, it would put me in jail. that's where i tried to negotiate but it was like a bottleneck and there seemed to be no solution. publication of the book had already been postponed three times. this is where i stop negotiations and tried to leave the country. he was repeatedly arrested in china and wrote an account of life in prison. the book was banned in china. he does have the freedom to publish here. how long exile will be, nobody knows. bbc news, berlin. >> we're having a look at -- they are talking about the boys from brazil. it is the youngsters doing the damage. >> they are practically kids. they both scored twice. he is only 21.
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it is really about the world cup. brazil would like to defend the title. the tournament taking place in argentina. they are through to the finals. they will play paraguay. the worry is that however much they score goals like this, they are conceding them as well. i think people prefer that. it is better than winning 1-0, isn't it? >> it does make for greater entertainment. >> that's for sure. >> entertainment. the women's world cup, entertaining. japan-u.s.a.. >> brilliant. they call japan the barcelona of the women's game. they are the best team in the world. they came back in style. it is brilliant because they are going to play for the first time ever in a world cup final.
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sunday they will be up against two-time former champions, the u.s.a. although it is an open goal, you still have to get on it target. the distance that she hits it, fan fantastic. the u.s.a. beat france 3-1 in their semifinal. scrap promised to do something special for disturb japan promised to do something -- japan promised to do something special for their team after the tsunami. >> not even what, six, seven kilometers across. that's at its widest point with just a few thousand people living on it but four of them are assuming the dream of olympic glory in london next summer. >> quality exercises. >> 12 months to go and they are already feeling the weight of expectation. >> i said don't let go of that stone. >> this will be the base for london 2012, that is if they qualify.
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the coach has worked with some of the big names in british boxing. can these unknowns really aspire to follow them? >> it is going to be tough. but, you know, where there is a will, there is a way. i think one or two of these is determined enough to make that progress and get there. >> but their home is a 13-square mile dot in the middle of the pacific. to give you an idea what they are up against, the entire population where they live is three times smaller than where they are training. they are up for the fight. >> lightweight. r welterweight. >> feather weath. -- heavyweight. >> they have had commonwealth and olympic competitors before but only in weightlifting. this man is now the country's president. can they do it in boxing as
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well? >> it is going to be very hard for us. our country is one of the smallest in the world. we're against big countries like australia and new zealand. >> but if you do? >> it is going to be fantastic. >> the coach is no stranger to the olympics but that was with the british team. today he has got to turn them into contenders. back at home, they are just four workers in a supermarket. next year, they could be four olympians carrying the big dreams of a tiny island. >> you just got to hope they get there, haven't you? i want to bring you up to date on one of the developing stories on bbc world news. that is the bomb attack on an afghan mosque in kandahar. five people killed during the memorial service for the half
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brother of president karzai. a suicide bomber tried to get into the mosque and was stopped by guards at the entrance at which point he detonated the explosives. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los presented by kcet los angeles.
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